Since their introduction in the 1990s, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have been the subject of much debate. Supporters of GMOs argue that they are necessary to feed the growing population, while opponents argue that they are unsafe and have negative environmental impacts. So, what is the truth about GMOs?
The first thing to understand is what a GMO is. A GMO is a plant or animal that has been genetically modified using engineering techniques. This means that the DNA of the organism has been changed in a way that does not occur naturally. For example, a plant may have a gene from another plant inserted into its DNA in order to make it resistant to a particular herbicide.
The main reason that GMOs are created is to make crops more resistant to pests and herbicides. This means that farmers can use less pesticides and herbicides on their crops, which is better for the environment. GMOs are also created to make crops more tolerant to drought and other environmental stresses.
So, are GMOs safe? The short answer is that we don’t really know. There have been no long-term studies on the safety of GMOs for human consumption. Some animal studies have shown that GMOs can cause health problems, but it is not clear if these problems would also occur in humans.
There are also concerns about the environmental impact of GMOs. One worry is that herbicide-resistant crops will lead to an increase in the use of herbicides, which could be harmful to the environment. There is also concern that GMOs could cross-pollinate with non-GMO plants, causing unintended consequences.
At this point, the jury is still out on GMOs. Until more research is done, it is difficult to say definitively whether or not they are safe. However, if you are concerned about GMOs, you can look for products that are certified organic or Non-GMO Project Verified.