The flush toilet is one of the most important inventions of modern civilization. It has been called “the greatest single advance in sanitation since the beginning of civilization.” The flush toilet is a simple, efficient, and sanitary way to dispose of human waste. It is estimated that the average person uses the toilet about three times a day.
The flush toilet was invented by Sir John Harington in 1596. Harington was a courtier and godson of Queen Elizabeth I. He was also an inventor and a writer. Harington’s invention was inspired by a visit to his godmother’s palace, where he saw a chamber pot that was flushed with water.
Harington’s flush toilet was a crude but functional prototype. It was a seat with a hole in the middle that was flushed with water from a cistern. The water in the cistern was used to flush the waste into a nearby sewer.
Harington’s invention was not well received at first. People were afraid of using it because they thought it was unhygienic. It was also expensive to build and maintain. Harington’s flush toilet was eventually forgotten and remained unused for centuries.
The modern flush toilet was invented by Alexander Cumming in 1775. Cumming was a Scottish watchmaker and inventor. He improved upon Harington’s design by adding a U-shaped trap to the seat. This trap prevented sewer gases from entering the home and also kept the seat from getting wet.
Cumming’s flush toilet was patented in 1777. It was expensive and not widely used. It was not until the 19th century that the flush toilet became popular. The first public toilets were built in London in the 1850s.
Flush toilets were not widely used in the United States until the late 19th century. Thomas Crapper, a English plumber, popularized the flush toilet in the US. Crapper’s company, Thomas Crapper & Co., manufactured flush toilets and other bathroom fixtures.
The flush toilet has had a profound impact on human civilization. It has improved public health, made cities cleaner and more livable, and saved billions of gallons of water. The flush toilet is one of the most important inventions of modern times.