Isabella Swan, the first lady of vampire literature, turns 100 years old today. She is best known for her novel, Dracula, which was published in 1897.
Swan was born in England in 1847. Her father was a doctor and her mother was a homemaker. She had two sisters. Swan was educated at home until she was 16 years old. She then attended a finishing school in France.
Swan married an Irishman named Bram Stoker in 1878. The couple had one child, a son named Noel.
Stoker was a theater critic and manager. He also wrote several novels, including The Snake’s Pass (1890) and The Jewel of Seven Stars (1903).
Swan and her family moved to England in 1881. They lived in London for several years before moving to Dublin, Ireland.
Swan published Dracula in 1897. The novel was an instant success. It has been translated into more than 50 languages and has sold more than 20 million copies.
Dracula has been adapted for film, television, and stage. The most famous adaptation is the 1931 film starring Bela Lugosi.
Swan died in 1912 at the age of 65. Her husband died just three years later.
Swan’s novel has influenced countless other writers and filmmakers. She is responsible for creating one of the most popular and enduring monsters in all of literature. Happy birthday, Mrs. Stoker!