There are over 500 species of sharks, ranging in size from the 8-inch (20 cm) dwarf lanternshark to the 52-foot (16 m) whale shark. While the great majority of sharks pose little threat to humans, a few species are known to be dangerous to people.
The dangers posed by sharks have been exaggerated in the past, but it is still prudent to be cautious when entering their environment. There are steps that you can take to minimize the risk of being attacked by a shark.
1. Avoid being in the water at dawn, dusk, or night when sharks are most active.
2. Stay in areas where there is a lot of activity, such as surfing beaches. Sharks are more likely to attack lone individuals who are away from others.
3. Do not enter the water if you are bleeding. sharks are attracted to the scent of blood and may mistake you for prey.
4. Do not wear shiny jewelry or brightly colored clothing. Sharks are attracted to shiny objects and bright colors.
5. Do not Splash around in the water. Sharks are attracted to movement and splashing may attract their attention.
6. If you see a shark, stay calm and do not make sudden movements. Sharks are more likely to attack if they feel threatened.
7. Do not try to touch or handle a shark. Sharks may view this as a threat and respond accordingly.
8. If you are attacked by a shark, fight back! Try to hit the shark in the nose, eyes, or gills. These are sensitive areas and may cause the shark to release you.